The Rightist Judicio-Politico Mafia – by Anas Muhammad


Saturday February 13 – The Chief Justice of Pakistan defied Presidential orders through a suo moto action against the Presidential notification for appointment of certain judges. Chief Justice, in a rare nightly emergency session, formed a three members bench that suspended two recommendations for judges’ appointment by the President. The matter will be heard by a larger bench on February 18th.

The dust from the politically motivated NRO verdict hasn’t even settled, that the Chief Justice had other political plans to benefit his right-wing judicio-politico mafia.

Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry had reportedly recommended appointing the recently retired Justice Ramday as an ad hoc judge of the Supreme Court, and to elevate Justice Saqib Nisar, the second most senior judge in the Lahore High Court, to the apex court. [Dawn – By Nasir Iqbal]

Bypassing the traditions and the precedence in the Al-Jihad case, the Chief Justice tried to retain his fellow – a retiring – Supreme Court Judge. Along with appointing another superior justice in an irregular manner, by skipping the seniority principle and not elevating Justice Khwaja Sharif the CJ of Lahore High Court.

It is believed that Chief Justice of Pakistan and his right-wing political cronies wanted to keep Khwaja Sharif in Punjab for greater political agendas and judicial favors in the High Court. The problem arose when this recommendation was rejected by President Zardari as he wanted all judicial appointments in accordance to the constitution and follow the principles of seniority.

This Judicio-Politico Mafia has always existed in Pakistan. Nadeem F. Paracha, a Dawn News columnist,  tries to explain this judicial right-wing nexus in his new blog post:

Explaining this idiosyncrasy, some go on to suggest that this is because those who have been turned into ‘judicial heroes’ symbolise the rise of a New Right in Pakistan. Or that this is a brand of right-wing politics that has little to do with the military anymore, and more with groupings within judicial activism and the media, which have expanded the scope of right-wing politics in Pakistan. [Dawn Blog]

The whole conflict apparently revolves around a single judge – Justice Khwaja Sharif – who seems to have close ties to the opposition right-wing party Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N). Thus the reaction displayed by the PML-N, to the current political stand-off between the President and the Chief Justice, is of no surprise. Similar to calling Benazir Bhutto a “threat to security” to undermine her governments in the 90s, Nawaz Sharif has termed President Zardari as “a threat to democracy.” Apparently Nawaz was expressing his anger over Presidents attempt at moving Khwaja Sharif from the Lahore High Court, as a Dawn News article stated:

Nawaz Sharif has lashed out against President Zardari. The president is the ‘biggest threat to democracy’ in Mr Sharif’s reckoning and the move to replace Lahore High Court Chief Justice Khwaja Sharif was unconstitutional. [Dawn]

It is the politics that is prevailing, not the sense, and certainly not the law as Cyril Almeida – Dawn News columnist – wrote:

… what’s so great about the chief justice of the Lahore High Court, Khwaja Sharif, that he must at all costs stay in Punjab to oversee the judiciary there? And, if you think about it, it’s nothing short of remarkable that CJ Iftikhar apparently believes that Justice Saqib Nisar is qualified to be a justice of the Supreme Court — the highest court of the land — but not the chief justice of a provincial high court. [Dawn]

Similar concerns were raised by many renowned names in the judicial community, including Ali Ahmad Kurd a very stringent supporter of the Chief Justice Iftikhar, who:

expressed disappointment over the events and deplored that it appeared as Justice Khawaja had become the most important individual in the country. “We the people of the Pakistan want to see constitution, democracy, parliament as well as the judiciary flourished in the country,” he said adding the seniority principle settled in the 1996 Al-Jihad Trust should be honoured at all cost. [Dawn – By Nasir Iqbal]


Contrary to the obvious, this is purely a political conflict, with its core in Punjab’s power politics. This is where Justice Khawaja Sharif becomes the most important man in the country, as he makes 28 of his own politically motivated judicial recommendations for the Lahore High Court, only to be scrutinized by the Governor Punjab.

Governor Punjab has also informed the president in his summary out of 28 persons recommended by CJ LHC, five persons Shahid Karim, Mamoon Rashid Sheikh, Waqar Hassan Mir, Ms Gulzar Butt; and Mian Mahmood advocate are directly or indirectly affiliated with the chamber of LHC CJ. Khawaja Mohammad Sharif. Similarly, four persons Mian Shahid Iqbal, Mohammad Farrukh Irfan Khan, Shaukat Umar Peerzada, and Anwer Bhour advocates are reported to be closely associated with the Hamid Khan Group. [The News]

Muslim League Nawaz, the ruling party in Punjab, always had issues with Governor Taseer of Peoples Party. He is seen as a great impediment to the unchecked authority of the Nawaz League in Punjab. The rift between the Governor and the PML-N widened, when he became a hurdle in the way of PML-N’s politically motivated judicial appointments.  The PML-N’s Punjab government used all its influence over the institutions and its political muscle to get Justice Khawaja’s recommended judges appointed at all cost. The Governor, ignoring all pressures, decided to accept 19 out of the 28 appointments. Stating merit and the reputation of those persons as the reason of rejection.

The Governor has objected that the CJ LHC had evidently ignored certain judicial officers bypassing the principle of seniority and legitimate expectancy standing in his letter that “either their performance is not up to mark or they don’t enjoy good reputation”. [The News]

It seems as PML-N and justice Khawaja has not given up and want to continue strengthening their mafia to establish a stronger rift over the  Lahore High Court and the Punjab province as a whole. It is this mafia plus the intelligence establishment that allowed Muslim League to become a challenging political force for the Peoples Party. Without this mafia and the support of establishment the Nawaz League cannot manage to win more than a third of Punjab in the polls.

If this political crisis escalates, the sufferer will be no other than the people and the democracy of Pakistan. Advocate Athar Minallah, the spokesperson of the Chief Justice during the two years long lawyers struggle, also believe that:

the development was infact a gift to the non democratic forces and to those who were sitting on the fence and would like to see confrontation between state institutions that could only cause irreparable loss to the country. [Dawn – By Nasir Iqbal]

We might be repeating the history as a senior lawyer Dr Khalid Ranjha said a “vacuum is being deliberately created” to pave the way for third party interference. [Daily Times] An interference that Pakistan can’t allow nor afford at this time.


3 responses to “The Rightist Judicio-Politico Mafia – by Anas Muhammad”

  1. Boycott call divides lawyers

    * No representative of Pakistan Bar Council participates in strike
    * PLF lawyers’ oppose boycott call, chant slogans in president’s favour

    LAHORE/ISLAMABAD: Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) Anwar Qazi’s call for a countrywide boycott of court proceedings to protest against the president’s appointment of the two judges has created a divide among the legal fraternity, as the lawyers were witnessed protesting both in favour of the government and the judiciary.

    Responding to the boycott call of the lawyer community’s National Coordination Council’s (NCC), a large number of lawyers – led by Anwar – converged at the Constitutional Avenue in the federal capital, staging a symbolic sit-in outside Parliament House to protest against the presidential orders.

    Addressing the protesters, Anwar said the lawyers would not tolerate any unconstitutional move against the independence of judiciary.

    However, no representative of the Pakistan Bar Council (PBC) participated in the strike. In Lahore, the lawyers observed a partial boycott of court proceedings in response to the strike call. The Lahore High Court Bar Association lawyers seemed divided in two groups. One group was chanting slogans in favour of the CJP, while the other group voiced support for President Asif Ali Zardari.

    PPP workers also took out a rally to express solidarity with Zardari from the Alhamra Hall to the Charing Cross on The Mall.

    Opposed: In Karachi, the lawyers’ community boycotted court proceedings against the presidential order on the appointment of judges without consultation of the CJP, while the People’s Lawyers Forum (PLF) opposed the boycott, chanting slogans in Zardari’s favour.

    In Balochistan, there was again a mixed response from lawyers, as the Pakistan People’s Party-Baloch Bar Association Panel did not participate in the boycott.

    In Peshawar, lawyers were also witnessed as being divided over the ongoing controversy, they nonetheless observed complete courts boycott across the province.

    A rumpus was created at the Peshawar High Court Bar Association’s (PHCBA) general house meeting when the People’s Lawyers Forum (PLF) lawyers said “no” to the boycott call and walked out of the meeting.

    The PLF lawyers – led by its provincial convener Barrister Masood Kausar – stood up and raised slogans in favour of Zardari.

    Meanwhile, the lawyers affiliated with the PML-N, Jamaat-e-Islami, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf and other political parties chanted slogans in favour of the CJP. daily times monitor/staff report/app\02\16\story_16-2-2010_pg1_7

  2. لاہور ہائیکورٹ کے نئے جج کون؟

    عباد الحق

    بی بی سی اردو ڈاٹ کام، لاہور

    چار جوڈیشل افسروں کو بھی ہائی کورٹ کا جج مقرر کیا گیا ہے

    حکومت اور عدلیہ کے درمیان حالیہ کشیدگی ختم ہونے کے بعد صدرِ پاکستان آصف علی زرداری نے لاہور ہائی کورٹ میں جن بائیس نئے ایڈیشنل ججوں کا تقرر کیا ہے ان میں وکیل رہنماؤں کے ساتھی یا جونیر اور ججوں کے رشتہ دار بھی شامل ہیں۔

    وزیراعظم یوسف رضا گیلانی کی چیف جسٹس پاکستان جسٹس افتخار محمد چودھری سے ملاقات کے بعد وزارت قانون نے لاہور ہائی کورٹ میں ججوں کی خالی اسامیاں پر کرنے کے لیے نئے ججوں کا تقرر کیا ہے جو کل انیس فروری کو اپنے عہدے کا حلف اٹھائیں گے۔

    لاہور ہائی کورٹ کے نئے ججوں میں سپریم کورٹ بار ایسوسی ایشن کے سابق سیکرٹری شوکت عمر پیرزادہ اور پنجاب بارکونسل کے سابق چیئرمین ایگزیکٹو کمیٹی حسن رضا پاشا بھی شامل ہیں۔ شوکت عمر پیرزادہ کا تعلق پیپلز پارٹی سے ہے اور وہ عدلیہ بحالی تحریک کے دوران سپریم کورٹ بار ایسوسی ایشن کے صدر علی احمد کرد کے ساتھ بار کے سیکرٹری منتخب ہوئے تھے۔

    پنجاب بارکونسل کے جن ارکان کو لاہور ہائی کورٹ کا ایڈیشنل جج مقرر کیا گیا ہے ان میں چکوال سے حسن رضا پاشا، بہاولپور سے اعجاز احمد، جہلم سے انوارالحق اور راولپنڈی سے چودھری محمد طارق شامل ہیں۔
    نئے ججوں میں سپریم کورٹ کے ایڈہاک جج جسٹس خلیل الرحمن رمدے کی اہلیہ کے بھائی یاور علی خان بھی شامل ہیں جو سابق چیف جسٹس پاکستان جسٹس یعقوب علی خان کے بیٹے ہیں۔

    نئے ججوں میں سپریم کورٹ کے ایڈہاک جج جسٹس خلیل الرحمن رمدے کے برادرِ نسبتی یاور علی خان بھی شامل ہیں جو سابق چیف جسٹس پاکستان جسٹس یعقوب علی خان کے بیٹے ہیں جبکہ چودھری شاہد سعید، جسٹس خلیل رمدے کے بھائی اور سابق اٹارنی جنرل پاکستان چودھری محمد فاروق کے جونیئر ہیں۔نئے ججوں میں شاہد حمید ڈار، چیف جسٹس لاہورہائی کورٹ جسٹس خواجہ محمد شریف کے عزیز ہیں۔

    نئے ججوں میں وقار حسن میر جسٹس خواجہ محمد شریف کے جونیئر ہیں جبکہ میاں شاہد اقبال کی بھی وابستگی جسٹس خواجہ شریف سے ہے۔

    مامون رشید شیخ سپریم کورٹ کے سابق جج جسٹس اے آر شیخ کے بیٹے اور جانے مانے قانون دان اے کے ڈوگر کے داماد ہیں۔انور بوہر سابق ڈسٹرکٹ و سیشن جج کاظم بوہر کے بیٹے ہیں۔ مظہر اقبال سندھو پیپلز پارٹی کے رہنما اور پراسیکیواٹر جنرل پنجاب سید زاہد حسین بخاری کے جونیئر رہے ہیں ۔ فرخ عرفان خان کمپنی قوانین کے ماہر جانے جاتے ہیں اور ان کی وابستگی وکیل رہنما حامد خان گروپ سے ہے۔

    نئے ججوں میں چار جوڈیشل افسروں کو ہائی کورٹ کا جج مقرر کیا گیا ہے ان میں رؤف احمد شیخ، شیخ احمد فاروق، نسیم اختر اور سید اخلاق احمد شامل ہیں۔ان جوڈیشل افسروں میں شیخ احمد فاروق اور نسیم اختر ریٹائر ہوچکے ہیں اور پہلی مرتبہ ریٹائرد جوڈیشل افسروں کو ہائی کورٹ کا جج مقرر کیا گیا ہے۔

    دیگر ججوں میں خالد محمود ،سید مظہر علی اکبر نقوی، سردار شمیم خان اور قاسم خان شامل ہیں