Remembering Dr. Abdus Salam -by H. A. Khan

Dr. SalamEditors note:

We received the following information from social network and would like to publish this. The information is about a documentary project on the great Pakistani muslim scientist, the late Professor Abdus Salam. We encourage all our readers to support this much needed endeavour.

The trailer for the film was released yesterday to coincide with Dr. Salam’s birthday.

The last frame of the trailer states, “The Abdus Salam docufilm is an independent production and the completion of this work depends entirely on your financial support. We have recently completed research and production. We need your support for post-production”.

The Pakistani state has shunned and vilified Dr. Salam. We, the people, have a moral obligation to celebrate the life and times and work of the greatest physicist this country has ever had. We can do so by contributing to the completion of the Abdus Salam Docufilm. Please spread the word.

Yestarday was the 87th birthday of the great legend and the only Nobel laureate Dr-Abdus Salam.I didn’t any see any thing on print or electronic media about highlighting and remembering the great work done by him in the field of physics.I feel myself much ashamed and unfortunate that just on the basis of his faith we condemn this great person for whom I have much respect and admiration.Only on Aaj tv in the programme bolta Pakistan Mr.Mushtaq Minhas and Nusrat Javed discussed about him in brief.

Our generations should know the achievemanets of this great Pakistani legend in his field. Salam was a science advisor to the Government of Pakistan from 1960 to 1974, a position from which he played a major and influential role in Pakistan’s science infrastructure.[6][7] Salam was responsible for not only major development and contribution in theoretical and particle physics, but as well as promoting scientific research at maximum level in his country.[7] Salam was the founding director of Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO), and responsible for the establishment of the Theoretical Physics Group (TPG) in Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).[8] As Science Advisor, Salam played an integral role in Pakistan’s development of peaceful use of nuclear energy, and directed the research on development of atomic bomb project of Pakistan in 1972;[9] for this, he is viewed as the “scientific father”[10][2] of this programme in the views of the scientists who researched under his scientific umbrella.[11][12][13] In 1974, Abdus Salam departed from his country, in protest, after the Pakistan Parliament passed a controversial parliamentary bill declaring the Ahmadiyya denomination as non-Islamic. Even after his death, Salam remained one of the most influential scientists in his country. In 1998, following the country’s nuclear tests, the Government of Pakistan issued a commemorative stamp, as a part of “Scientists of Pakistan”, to honour the services of Salam.[14]

Salam’s major and notable achievements include the Pati–Salam model, magnetic photon, vector meson, Grand Unified Theory, work on supersymmetry and, most importantly, electroweak theory, for which he was awarded the most prestigious award in Physics – the Nobel Prize.[5] Salam made a major contribution in Quantum Field Theory and advancement of Mathematics at Imperial College London. With his student, Riazuddin, Salam made important contributions to the modern theory on neutrinos, neutron stars and black holes, as well as the work on modernising the quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. As a teacher and science promoter, Salam is remembered as a founder and scientific father of mathematical and theoretical physics in Pakistan during his term as the chief scientific advisor to the president.[7][15] Salam heavily contributed to the rise of Pakistani physics to the Physics community in the world.[16][17] Even until his death, Salam continued to contribute to physics and tirelessly advocated for the development of science in Third-World countries.

In 1997, the scientists at ICPT commemorated Salam and renamed ICTP as “Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics“. Salam had advocated for development of Science in third world countries, and attended various seminars in different countries. Throughout the years, Salam served on a number of United Nations committees concerning science and technology in developing countries.[31] Salam also founded the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) and was a leading figure in the creation of a number of international centres dedicated to the advancement of science and technology.[96]

During his visit at the Institute of Physics of Quaid-i-Azam University in 1979, Salam had explained after receiving his award: Physicists believed there are four fundamental forces of nature; the gravitational force, the weak and strong nuclear force, and the electromagnetic force.[97] Salam was a firm believer that “scientific thought is the common heritage of mankind,” and that developing nations needed to help themselves and invest in their own scientists to boost development and reduce the gap between the Global South and the Global North, thus contributing to a more peaceful world.[98]

Although Salam had departed from Pakistan, he did not terminate his connection to Pakistan.[99] Salam continued inviting Pakistan’s scientists to ICTP, and maintained a research programme for the Pakistani scientists.[100] Many prominent scientists, including Ghulam Murtaza, Riazuddin, Kamaluddin Ahmed, Faheem Hussain, Raziuddin Siddiqui, Munir Ahmad Khan, Ishfaq Ahmad, and I. H. Usmani, considered him as their mentor and a teacher.




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