State sponsored terrorism in Indian Occupied Kashmir remains an ugly blot on the face of democracy in India.
The Kashmir dispute is the oldest unresolved international conflict in the world today. India’s forcible occupation of the State of Jammu and Kashmir in 1947 along with Pakistani pashtuns’ march to the valley led to the dispute.
The United Nations recognizes Kashmir as a disputed territory. It is a fact that all the principles on the basis of which the Indian subcontinent was partitioned by the British in 1947 justify Kashmir becoming a part of Pakistan: the State had majority Muslim population, and it not only enjoyed geographical proximity with Pakistan but also had essential economic linkages with the territories constituting Pakistan.
In 1947, India and Pakistan went to war over Kashmir. During the war, it was India which first took the Kashmir dispute to the United Nations on 1 January 1948. The following year, on 1 January 1949, the UN helped enforce ceasefire between the two countries. The ceasefire line is called the Line of Control. It was an outcome of a mutual consent by India and Pakistan that the UN Security Council (UNSC) and UN Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP) passed several resolutions in years following the 1947-48 war. The UNSC Resolution of 21 April 1948–one of the principal UN resolutions on Kashmir—stated that “both India and Pakistan desire that the question of the accession of Jammu and Kashmir to India or Pakistan should be decided through the democratic method of a free and impartial plebiscite”. Subsequent UNSC Resolutions reiterated the same stand. UNCIP Resolutions of 3 August 1948 and 5 January 1949 reinforced UNSC resolutions. (Source: Pakistan Mission to the UN)
Here is a link to the text of the UN Resolution 47 (1948) on Kashmir, which notes “with satisfaction that both India and Pakistan desire that the question of the accession of Jammu and Kashmir to India or Pakistan would be decided through the democratic method of a free and impartial plebiscite”
A curfew is being strictly enforced in parts of Indian-administered Kashmir after a wave of violence between protesters and police over the past month. Police and paramilitaries have been deployed in the capital Srinagar where three civilians died in police firing on Tuesday. Anantnag, Pulwana and Kakapora towns are also under curfew.
At least 14 civilians have died in clashes with forces since June. Many of the deaths have been blamed on the paramilitary Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).
Life in Srinagar has come to a standstill, and movement of people has been restricted in other affected towns, says the BBC’s Altaf Hussain in Srinagar.
Our correspondent says that the curfew in Anantnag has now been in place for eight consecutive days – since three people were killed by police there last week – and there is no sign of the tension diminishing.
A police spokesman said the authorities have decided to deploy the army in some sensitive areas, but no soldiers are out on the streets yet.
Most of the Muslim-majority Kashmir valley has either been under a curfew or shut down for the past few weeks because of protests over the killing of civilians by the police and paramilitary forces.
Chief Minister Omar Abdullah has defended the security forces, saying they could not be expected constantly to show restraint when they were so often pelted with stones.
The killings of civilian protesters, most of them teenagers, have angered many in the valley. One newspaper headline described 2010 as the “year of teenage killings” in Kashmir.
Even the pro-India People’s Democratic Party (PDP) has accused the government of declaring war on its own people, our correspondent reports. Hundreds of thousands of troops are based in Kashmir to fight a two-decade insurgency against Indian rule.
Two latest video clips from Indian Occupied Kashmir
(Warning: Some graphic scenes; viewers discretion is requested)
Blood bath in Kashmir
Kashmir shoot on sight- BBC Urdu Video- 6 July,2010
Six killed, 73 njured as police open fire in Srinagar