List of Taliban’s atrocities and crimes in Afghanistan

Those who insist on distinction between the TTP and Afghan Taliban should (be forced to) read this:

LUBP Editor’s note: Lately, apologists of the Takfiri Deobandi Taliban (i.e., members and supporters of PTI, Jamaat-e-Islami, PML-N, Sipah-e-Sahaba (ASWJ-LeJ), JUI-F, JUI-S, pro-ISI fake liberals etc) are trying to present Afghan Taliban as a separate entity from the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP). They argue that Afghan Taliban are noble, Islamic, humanist souls who must be distinguished from the TTP which is a CIA-RAW-Mossad funded anti-Pakistan terrorist group. The argument is flawed on more than one accounts (both TTP and Afghan Taliban consider Mullah Omar as their Ameer-ul-Momineen, Mullah Omar has never dissociated from or condemned TTP’s activities, both groups have blurry boundaries with overlapping membership, both follow Deobandi sub-sect of Sunni Islam, and both are supported by Deobandi madrassas and clerics etc).

In this post we de-construct the false notion that Afghan Taliban are any better (or different) creatures than TTP. We are publishing an incomplete list of Taliban’s crimes against humanity, e.g., massacre of 8000 Shia Hazaras and Sunni Uzbeks by (Takfiri Deobandi) Taliban in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif in August 1998 – After the capture of Mazar-i-Sharif in 1998 the Taliban indulged in the “frenzied killing of shop owners, cart pullers, women and children shoppers”. Women and girls were raped, and thousands of civilians, mainly ethnic Hazaras, were massacred.; murder of 26 Ismaili Shias by Taliban in May 2000 at Robatak Pass, mass execution of Shia Hazara people in Yakawlang District of Bamyan province in January 2001 – The public execution in Yakaolang of at least 170 civilians, mainly from humanitarian organisations. “According to Amnesty International, eyewitnesses reported the deliberate killing of dozens of civilians hiding in a mosque.”; murder of 10 Iranian diplomats in Mazar-e-Sharif in August 1998. In 1998, the United Nations accused the Taliban of denying emergency food by the UN’s World Food Programme to 160,000 hungry and starving people (most of whom were Hazaras and Tajiks) “for political and military reasons”. The UN said the Taliban were starving people for their military agenda and using humanitarian assistance as a weapon of war. Other most despicable atrocities include: The “castration” of the former Afghan president, Najibullah in 1996. The Taliban “dragged his body behind a jeep for several rounds of the palace and then shot him dead”. The 1998 massacre of 600 Uzbeks in the province of Faryab. “Western aid workers… said civilians were dragged from their homes, lined up and shot.” Other reports include accounts from refugees and human rights groups of the beating of infants, killing of children and hanging of bodies from lampposts. The list is incomplete and will be updated in the next few days. End note

Background

The Taliban is an Islamic fundamentalist (Deobandi) militant movement of Pashtun tribesmen created by Punjabi generals of Pakistan army and Salafist princes and clerics of Saudi Arabia. It ruled large parts of Afghanistan and its capital, Kabul, as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan from September 1996 until October 2001. It gained diplomatic recognition from three Takfiri Jihadi states: Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. The main leader of the Taliban movement is a Deobandi cleric Mullah Mohammed Omar, and Kandahar is considered the birthplace of the Taliban. While in power, it enforced its strict interpretation of Sharia law, and leading Muslims have been highly critical of the Taliban’s interpretations of Islamic law.The Taliban were condemned internationally for their brutal repression of women and ethnic and religious minority groups. The majority of their leaders were influenced by Takfiri Deobandi fundamentalism, and many also corrupted the the social and cultural norm called Pashtunwali under Punjabi-Arabi-Chechen influences. The Taliban movement is primarily made up of members belonging to Pashtun tribes, the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan; however, it also has a considerable members of Punjabi Taliban (Sipah-e-Sahaba) and some Baloch Deobandi members (Jundullah). From 1995-2001, the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence and military are widely alleged by the international community to have provided support to the Taliban. Pakistan has been accused by many international officials of continuing to support the Taliban and affiliated groups (LeJ/ASWJ, JeM etc) today.

8000 Shia Hazara and Sunni Uzbeks and Tajiks were massacred by Taliban in August 1998 in Mazar-e-Sharif.

Taliban and their sponsors and affiliates want us to forget their crimes

Presumably the Taliban, their two main affiliates Al Qaeda and Sipah-e-Sahaba (ASWJ-Lashkar-e-Jhangvi) and their key sponsors (Pakistan Army, Saudi Salafist Sheikhs) would like the world to “forget” about Taliban-ASWJ’s atrocities against the innocent.

Below are a few of many examples from their growing catalogue of terrorist atrocities.

ATROCITY

“Among the accounts of mutilations, beatings and arbitrary executions there was evidence of a new abomination: the torture of children. An unknown number of infants were savagely beaten during the Islamic militia’s 14-month occupation of Taloqan, the former headquarters of the Alliance, usually for the supposed crimes of their parents.” (Source: The Times [U.K.], 11/13/01)

ATROCITY

“The barbarity of the Taliban plumbed new depths when troops shot dead eight boys for daring to laugh, sickened refugees revealed yesterday. The teenage lads had been chuckling at the soldiers who suddenly raised their Kalashnikov rifles and gunned them down. It was one of a string of atrocities in the besieged Afghanistan city of Kunduz, which was last night poised to fall to the Northern Alliance. At least 300 frightened Taliban were killed by men from their own side because they wanted to surrender.” (Source: The Sun [U.K.], 11/19/01)

ATROCITY

“The Taliban is jailing children as young as 10 in Kabul to root out dissent, it is claimed today. According to French journalist Michel Peyrard, who was held by the Taliban for 25 days, the biggest threat to the extremist regime is its own paranoia. He said his fellow detainees included several children. On one occasion the nephews of an escaped political prisoner – aged 10, 13 and 19 – were rounded up. The eldest was tortured and subjected to a mock execution. The Taliban also jails leaders and military commanders for being traitors on only the flimsiest evidence.” (Source: The Evening Standard (London), 11/9/01) ATROCITY

“One day they came, and ordered everyone to go into the bazaar and protest against the bombings, and chant: ‘Death to America’,” said Salahuddin. “I was in my house and I had to go outside. When we refused to protest against America, they got angry.” Another man who fled the village said he saw the Taliban drag a man called Lash Boi from his house to the mosque and beat him to death when he refused to protest. Lash Boi’s three sons are on the front line now, fighting to avenge their father’s death, he said.” (Source: The Independent (U.K.), 11/9/01)

ATROCITY

“When the family returned six hours later they found that Abdul’s right femur had been shattered by repeated blows from a Kalashnikov, the stock of the rifle leaving a clear imprint on the floor of the family’s home. Doctors gave Nurala a couple of packets of paracetamol and bluntly told him that his son would never walk again. ‘He was in so much pain for a long time, and it changed his mind as well,’ Nurala said. ‘I don’t understand how anyone can do such a thing to a small child. I have spoken to many people about this and nobody understands it.’ There are many others in Taloqan who have similar stories of children being beaten in front of their parents because their fathers were unable to hand over a weapon to the Taleban, of men who had a hand amputated when they were accused of stealing the bread that they carried home to their families, and of women who were raped after their husbands were taken away and imprisoned in Kandahar or Mazar-i Sharif.” (Source: The Times [U.K.], 11/13/01)

ATROCITY

“‘They burnt some of us alive.’ It was almost the first thing he said to us. In the dust and squalor of a refugee camp, Salahuddin told yesterday how the Taliban burnt an entire family to death in their own home in revenge for the American bombing. He says he saw them bringing out the blackened bodies of the children. Then the Taliban took Salahuddin and the other villagers to the front line, where they ordered them to gather up scattered bits of bodies, all that was left of Taliban soldiers killed by the American bombs.” (Source: The Independent U.K. 11/9/01)

ATROCITY

“‘The Taliban commanders killed 100 of our friends,’ said this defector, adding, ‘They hung their bodies from lamp posts as a warning to the rest of us.’” (Source: CBS Evening News, 11/19/01)

ATROCITY

“One said a doctor was shot dead for not treating a wounded Taliban soldier quickly enough, while others said a group of eight teenage boys were killed for laughing at Taliban soldiers.” (Source: The Herald (Scotland), 11/19/01)

ATROCITY

“Foreign Taliban soldiers, who have gathered in Kunduz for what appears to be a last stand, have gunned down more than 400 Afghan Taliban soldiers trying to defect to the Northern Alliance, the refugees and the alliance soldiers said. The 400 were killed in mass shootings late last week, refugees said, and were prompted in part by the defection of a local Taliban commander to the Northern Alliance. According to the reports, Arab and Pakistani soldiers with the Taliban have also begun shooting young civilian men of the Uzbek and Tajik ethnic groups suspected of trying to escape to territory controlled by the Northern Alliance. ‘The foreigners came into the village and shot all the men,’ said Muhammadullah, a 21-year-old man who crossed into Northern Alliance territory today. ‘I saw this with my own eyes.’” (Source: The New York Times, 11/19/01)

ATROCITY

“Foreign Taliban soldiers also killed dozens of Afghan Taliban soldiers on Friday at the village of Musazai near the Kunduz airport, refugees and Northern Alliance soldiers said. Refugees fleeing Kunduz said foreign Taliban soldiers had gunned down 125 Afghan Taliban soldiers who had been stopped on their way to the front lines. The foreign Taliban soldiers seem to have decided that the local Taliban were trying to defect. When they tried to stop them, a fight began and the foreign Taliban opened fire, the refugees said.” (Source: The New York Times, 11/19/01)

ATROCITY

“The BBC has confirmed that the central Afghan town of Bamiyan was totally destroyed by the Taleban before they fled over the weekend. Evidence has also emerged of Bosnian-style ethnic cleansing in the region involving the execution of hundreds of local ethnic Hazara men.” (Source: BBC News, 11/13/01)

ATROCITY

“Our correspondent said every building, shop and house had been destroyed before the town fell on Sunday after a two-hour gun battle.” (Source: BBC News, 11/13/01)

ATROCITY

September 1996 — Upon capturing Kabul the Taliban castrated President Najibullah, dragged his body behind a jeep for several rounds of the Palace and then shot him dead. His brother was similarly tortured and then throttled to death. (Source: Department of Defense)

ATROCITY

January 1998 — In the Western province of Faryab, the Taliban massacred approximately 600 Uzbek villageres. Western aid workers who later investigated the incident said civilians were dragged from their homes, lined up and gunned down. (Source: Department of Defense)

ATROCITY

August 1998 — The Taliban entered Mazar-I-Sharif and went on a frenzy killing shop owners, cart pullers, women and children shoppers. (Source: Department of Defense)

ATROCITY

August 2000 — Taliban execute POWs in the streets of Heart as a lesson to the local population. (Source: Department of Defense)

ATROCITY

June 2001 — Taliban bombed the administrative center of Yakaolang, including the district hospital and an aid agency office. (Source: Department of Defense)

ATROCITY

Massacre at Yakaolang — Taliban forces committed a massacre in Yakaolang in January 2001. The victims were primarily Hazaras. The massacre began on January 8, 2001, and continued for four days. The Taliban detained about 300 civilian adult males, including staff members of local humanitarian organizations. The men were herded to assembly points, and then shot by firing squad in public view. According to Human Rights Watch, about 170 men are confirmed to have been killed. According to Amnesty International, eyewitnesses reported the deliberate killing of dozens of civilians hiding in a mosque: Taliban soldiers fired rockets into a mosque where some 73 women, children and elderly men had taken shelter. (Source: State Department)

ATROCITY

Massacre at Robatak Pass — The May 2000 massacre took place near the Robatak pass. 31 bodies were found one site, of these, 26 were positively identified as civilians. The victims were Hazara Shi’as. (Source: State Department)

ATROCITY

Massacre in Bamiyan — When the Taliban recaptured Bamiyan in 1999, there were reports that Taliban forces carried out summary executions upon entering the city. According to Amnesty International, hundreds of men, and some instances women and children, were separated from their families, taken away, and killed. Human Rights Watch reports that besides executing civilians, the Taliban burned homes and used detainees for forced labor. (Source: State Department)

ATROCITY

Massacre in the Shomaili Plains — July 1999 Human Rights Watch reports that a Taliban offensive here was marked by summary executions, the abduction and disappearance of women, the burning of homes, destruction of property, and the cutting down of fruit trees. According to a report by the U.N. Secretary General on November 16, 1999, “The Taliban forces, who allegedly carried out these acts, essentially treated the civilian population with hostility and made no distinction between combatants and non-combatants.” (Source: U.S. State Department)

ATROCITY

Massacre in Mazar-I-Sharif — In August 1998, the Taliban captured Mazar-I-Sharif. There were reports that between 2,000 and 5,000 men, women and children — mostly ethnic Hazara civilians — were massacred by the Taliban after the takeover of Mazar-I-Sharif. During the massacre, the Taliban forces carried out a systematic search for male members for the ethnic Hazara, Tajik, and Uzbek communities in the city. Human Rights Watch estimates that scores, perhaps hundreds, of Hazara men and boys were summarily executed. There were also reports that women and girls were raped and abducted during the Taliban takeover of the city.

Educate yourself about the Taliban by Dr. Taimur Rahman

We must educate ourselves about what the Taliban represent.

Here are some of the laws issued by the Taliban government in Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001.

The Talibanic Laws 1996-2001

1.      “A denier of veil is an infidel and an unveiled woman is lewd. Conditions of wearing veil”:
2.      The veil must cover the whole body.
3.      Women’s clothes must not be thin.
4.      Women’s clothes must not be decorated and colourful.
5.      Women’s clothes must not be narrow and tight to prevent the seditious limbs
6.      from being noticed. The veil must not be thin.
7.      Women must not perfume themselves. If a perfumed woman passes by a crowd of
8.      men, she is considered to be an adulteress.
9.      Women’s clothes must not resemble men’s clothes.
10.     Muslim women’s clothes must not resemble non-Muslim women’s clothes.
11.     Their foot ornaments must not produce sound.
12.     They must not wear sound-producing garments.
13.     They must not walk in the middle of streets.
14.     They must not go out of their houses without their husband’s permission.
15.     They must not talk to strange men.
16.     If it is necessary to talk, they must talk in a low voice and without laughter.
17.     They must not look at strangers.
18.     They must not mix with strangers.”
19.     All ground and first floor residential windows should be painted over or screened to prevent women being visible from the street. A Taliban representative explained that “the face of a woman is a source of corruption for men who are not related to them”.
20.     The photographing or filming of women was banned as was displaying pictures of females in newspapers, books, shops or the home.
21.     The modification of any place names that included the word “women.” For example, “women’s garden” was renamed “spring garden”.
22.     Women were forbidden to appear on the balconies of their apartments or houses.
23.     Ban on women’s presence on radio, television or at public gatherings of any kind.
24.     Ban on women riding bicycles or motorcycles, even with their mahrams.
25.     Women were forbidden from riding in a taxi without a mahram.
26.     Segregated bus services introduced to prevent males and females traveling on the same bus.
27.     Are forbidden to work outside the home. On September 30th 1996 the Taliban decreed that all women should be banned from employment. Some 25 percent of government employees were female. All lost their employment. Elementary education of children, not just girls, was shut down in Kabul, where virtually all of the elementary school teachers were women.
28.     Are banned from studying in schools or universities.
29.     Are not allowed to gather for any recreational purposes.
30.     Are prohibited from practicing family planning.
31.     Cannot be treated by male doctors.
32.     Cannot be operated upon by a surgical team containing a male member.
33.     Are banned from playing sports or entering a sport center or club.
34.     Have no legal recourse. A woman cannot petition the court directly; her testimony is worth half a man’s testimony.
35.     Are publicly stoned and sometimes executed if accused of having sex outside of marriage.
36.     Are forbidden to deal with male shopkeepers or talk or shake hands with men outside their families.
37.     Whipping, beating and verbal abuse of women not clothed in accordance with
38.     Taliban rules, or of women unaccompanied by a mahram.
39.     Whipping of women in public for having non-covered ankles.
40.     Public stoning of women accused of having sex outside marriage. (A number of
41.     lovers are stoned to death under this rule).
42.     Ban on women washing clothes next to rivers or in a public place.
43.     Ban on male tailors taking women’s measurements or sewing women’s clothes.
44.     Ban on female public baths.
45.     Ban on flared (wide) pant-legs, even under a burqa.
46.     Banned the watching of movies, television and videos, for everyone.
47.     Banned celebrating the traditional new year (Nowroz) on March 21. The Taliban
48.     has proclaimed the holiday un-Islamic.
49.     Disavowed Labor Day (May 1st), because it is deemed a “communist” holiday.
50.     Ordered that all people with non-Islamic names change them to Islamic ones.
51.     Forced haircuts upon Afghan youth.
52.     Ordered that men wear Islamic clothes and a cap.
53.     Ordered that men not shave or trim their beards, which should grow long enough
54.     to protrude from a fist clasped at the point of the chin.
55.     Ordered that all people attend prayers in mosques five times daily.
56.     Banned the keeping of pigeons and playing with the birds, describing it as
57.     un-Islamic. The violators will be imprisoned and the birds shall be killed. The
58.     kite flying has also been stopped.
59.     Ordered all onlookers, while encouraging the sportsmen, to chant Allah-o-Akbar
60.     (God is great) and refrain from clapping.
61.     Ban on certain games including kite flying which is “un-Islamic” according to
62.     Taliban.
63.     Anyone who carries objectionable literature will be executed.
64.     Anyone who converts from Islam to any other religion will be executed.
65.     All boy students must wear turbans. They say “No turban, no education”.
66.     Non-Muslim minorities must distinct badge or stitch a yellow cloth onto their
67.     dress to be differentiated from the majority Muslim population.
68.     Banned the use of the internet by both ordinary Afghans and foreigners.

Examples of punishments by the Taliban

1.      In October 1996, a woman had the tip of her thumb cut off for wearing nail varnish.
2.      In December 1996, Radio Shari’a announced that 225 Kabul women had been seized and punished for violating the sharia code of dress. The sentence was handed down by a tribunal and the women were lashed on their legs and backs for their misdemeanor.
3.      In March 1997, a married woman, from Laghman Province, was caught attempting to flee the district with another man. The Islamic tribunal found her guilty of adultery and condemned both her and her lover to death by stoning.
4.      In May 1997, 5 female CARE International employees with authorisation from the Ministry of the Interior to conduct research for an emergency feeding programme were forced from their vehicle by members of the religious police. The guards used a public address system to insult and harass the women before striking them with a metal and leather whip over 1.5 meters (almost 5 feet) in length.
5.      In 1999, a mother of seven was executed in front of 30,000 spectators in Kabul’s Ghazi Sport stadium for the murder of her abusive husband. She was imprisoned for 3 years and extensively tortured prior to the execution.
6.      When a Taliban raid discovered a woman running an informal school in her apartment, they beat the children; threw her down a flight of stairs causing her to break her leg; and then imprisoned her. They threatened to publicly stone her family if she didn’t sign a declaration of loyalty to the Taliban and its laws.

The legacy of nearly a decade of fundamentalist rule

1.      Up to now, nearly 79% of Afghan women cannot read nor write.
2.      Maternal mortality rates stood at the highest in the world with nearly 1,900 deaths per 100,000 live births. It is the singular achievement of the Taliban that they managed to reach the highest rate of maternal deaths ever recorded in history in the province of Badakshan: 6,500 deaths per 100,000 births!
3.      Up to 2004, UNICEF recorded more than 26 attacks against girl’s schools.
4.      Enrolment as of 2004 still was at the dismal figure of 9% due to Taliban attacks, propaganda and assassinations of teachers.
5.      57% of women are married off before the age of 16
6.      72% do not know of any form of contraception, nor any way of delaying pregnancy.
7.      Even during conducting the sham elections, registration of women voters recorded the lowest levels in the south of the country: Zabul (9%), Helmand (12%) and Kandahar (27%): precisely the areas that were, and now have again, fallen under Taliban control.
8.      97 percent of women surveyed show symptoms of major depression.
9.      3/4 of the women say their health had declined.
10.     Opium is being taken by the women to ease the pain from inadequate health care.

taliban

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