Wikileaks – President Zardari, Iran and US Pressure

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 I have been meaning to write on the recent Wikileaks and Dawn collaboration but just couldn’t for one reason after the other. When last year in November, Wikileaks began releasing cables, the sitting government in Pakistan was the target of all those who just can’t stand the PPP’s existence. PPP was castigated and yet again President Asif Zardari provided punching practice to all those who can’t believe that after all their campaigns, he remains the head of state. The most quoted cable then was that of Khadim-e-Harmain-Shareefain, His Majesty, King Abdullah of Arabia named after his father! He said (apparently):

President Asif Ali Zardari was “the greatest obstacle” to Pakistan’s progress. “When the head is rotten,” he said, “it affects the whole body”.


Such utterances were given headline space and yet another doomsday scenario for Pakistan and its leadership was painted as the problem. PML-N joined the bandwagon and then so did the ghairat brigade. I still remember a friend saying “Pakistan Army hee tamam masail ka hal hay.” Things calmed down in December 2010 with that series of Wikileaks and a lot of people got the necessary breathing space. However, as they say, what goes around comes around.


Khadim-e-Aala termed CJ as "Problematic Jurist" while General Kayani wanted more Drone Attacks

Earlier last month, Dawn did the scoop of the year by signing up with Wikileaks to release the Pakistan related cables in Pakistan. What this ensured was that the release began taking place of cables not just against the government but also those that pointed towards the dual face role of the military as well as the opposition. In their first cables released on May 20, 2011, the first one talked about Shahbaz Sharif willing to negotiate the CJ’s future after restoration even calling him a “problematic jurist” while another cable released the same day saying General Kayani wanted more drone strikes in Pakistan. Post these releases, the ghairatmand media and PML-N became quieter and Wikileaks has not been discussed as much as it was in November-December 2010.

Mir Shakil's Jang Group was termed as publishing false and unsubstantiated news stories and risking the lives of US officers

Similarly on June 1, 2011, Jang Group was castigated for printing false and inflammatory stories with a special mention that one of the group editors (Shaheen Shebai??!) said:

“they know that many of their reporters have political agendas, are paid by ISI, military intelligence, Jamaat-e-Islami, or other interests but that they prefer not to fire or reprimand these reporters”


Now that Wikileaks cables are no more just one sided against the sitting government, we see less and less discussion on them.

In another Wikileaks cable which has not been discussed as much, a very sincere approach of the President to reduce reliance on Arab oil and increasing relations with Iran was released on 24th May, 2011.


Zardari wanted to have less dependence on Saudi oil and diversifying sources to reduce desperate energy shortfalls

The said cable illustrates how US officials tried influencing Pakistan’s policy not only with regard to Iran but also indicates how and with whom Pakistan had been dealing with at the time in order to meet its energy requirements. The American caution about Irani oil is consistent with the US government’s efforts to isolate Iran both militarily and economically. President Zardari told the delegation comprising of Richard Boucher, Anne W. Peterson and Caitlin Hayden during the May 25, 2009 meeting that “Pakistan desperately needed energy resources” and that “no one else – especially the Saudis” was ready to help.

Similarly, the cable indicated that along with pursuing the Iran gas pipeline project in order to meet its desperate energy needs, Pakistan was in talks with the Chinese government over a deal to build two additional nuclear power plants for the country, once construction of the Chashma II reactor was completed.


The Americans were on the other hand more interested to get Pakistan crude oil on deferred payments from Saudi Arabia. We all know what happens with the Saudis. They give you $1 and taken back $10!

One thing is for sure, the person who has come out cleanest from the recent Wikileaks is none other than President Zardari. By way of this post, we would like to appreciate the efforts of President Zardari by trying to better relations with Iran which has been a time tested friend and reducing Saudi influence who only fancy steel makers from Jati Umra and Khakis supporting Wahabi school of thought.

174700            10/22/2008 8:58          08ISLAMABAD3339 Embassy Islamabad      SECRET//NOFORN               “VZCZCXRO1234


DE RUEHIL #3339/01 2960858


R 220858Z OCT 08



















E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/22/2018



Classified By: Anne W. Patterson, Reasons 1.4 (b), (d)

1. (S/NF) Summary: In a wide-ranging discussion with visiting SCA Assistant Secretary Boucher, President Zardari expressed complete satisfaction with his just concluded visit to China, reviewed planning for the Friends of Pakistan, and reiterated his determination to press the fight against extremism and the militancy in the tribal areas.  He linked his ability to sustain the counter-insurgency fight to progress on addressing Pakistan,s economic woes, however, and chastised the IMF for only wanting to &take away8 in its negotiations.  Zardari alerted Boucher to Iran’s offer of concessional oil for Pakistan, an offer he did not believe he

could refuse.  Boucher reminded him of the Deputy Secretary’s recent caution not to allow Iran to gain a toehold in Pakistan.  End Summary.

 2. (SBU) Visiting Assistant Secretary for South and Central Asian Affairs Richard Boucher called on President Zardari at the Aiwan-e-Sadr, October 18.  He was accompanied by the Ambassador, DCM (notetaker), and SCA Senior Advisor Hayden. Minister of Information Sherry Rehman joined Zardari.

 China Visit


3.  (S/NF) Zardari told Boucher his visit to China was &great.8  He confirmed that the Chinese had committed to building two additional nuclear power plants for Pakistan ) Chashma 3 and 4.  He noted, however, that construction would not start until the completion of the Chashma 2 reactor, which he anticipated would require an additional five years. Commenting that the Chinese were providing only old technology, Zardari said that Pakistan had no choice but to

accept &junk.8  Boucher told Zardari we would examine the implications of the new nuclear deal vis–vis the International Atomic Energy Agency and let the Pakistanis know if we anticipated any problems with the deal.

4.  (S/NF) Zardari also told Boucher that the Chinese had committed to providing assistance to Pakistan,s security forces.  Arguing that China was Pakistan,s only affordable option for needed security items, Zardari said the government plans to acquire armored vehicles, body armor, and small arms from China.  The Chinese also plan to provide large scanners to Pakistan to help check the contents of trucks.  Boucher and the Ambassador reminded Zardari that the U.S. is working with the Frontier Corps on a comprehensive train and equip program.  (Comment: Embassy is preparing a letter to Zardari reviewing the details of the U.S. government’s extensive support to the Frontier Corps.  End Comment)

5.  (C) Although silent on the question of possible Chinese balance of payments support to Pakistan, Zardari lauded Chinese &out-of-box8 thinking about business investment in Pakistan.  As an example, he described a project to build a dam that would irrigate land that Zardari would then grant to women, who would grow flowers on the land for export to the Emirates.  The Chinese will manage the marketing for the project.

Friends of Pakistan


6.  (C) Zardari confirmed that he wants to formally change the name of the group to Friends of Democratic Pakistan.  In response to Boucher’s question about the Saudi position, he provided Boucher with a convoluted description of his discussions with Prince Turki bin Abdullah, who requested Zardari’s participation in the Interfaith Dialogue that the King is organizing in New York.  In exchange, Zardari expects that the Saudis will be full participants in the Friends group (see septel).

7.  (C) As for other possible additions to the Friends group, Boucher suggested that Spain and the Scandinavians might be good additions.  Zardari assented, and asked Boucher if the U.S. would support Libya’s inclusion, to which Boucher agreed.  Zardari suggested to Boucher that he would like China added to the steering group.  Boucher was open to the idea but noted that the steering committee needed to remain small.

8.  (C) Boucher reminded Zardari that the Friends group is not a &checkbook8 organization.  He noted that we need to sit with the steering group and consider issues like membership and the role of the UN.  We are hoping that the UN will help drive the process by providing a secretariat function.  After the next meeting in Abu Dhabi, the U.S. vision would be to launch a series of experts meeting that would consider Pakistani policies and initiatives in a sector-by-sector review.

9.  (S/NF) In an aside, Zardari mentioned that Iran has offered to provide Pakistan with concessional oil.  How could he go to the National Assembly and tell them Iran had offered the assistance and Pakistan had turned it down, he asked rhetorically.  Boucher reminded him of Ambassador Haqqani,s recent  conversation on this issue with Deputy Secretary Negroponte in which the Deputy cautioned against providing Iran with a toehold in Pakistan.



10.  (S) Zardari stressed repeatedly his determination to carry through with the fight against extremism and militancy. I don’t believe in talking to the Taliban,8 he said. &We won’t do it on our side of the border.8  He noted that he has built a good relationship with the military and praised the leadership of Chief of Army Staff Kayani, ISI Director General Pasha, and Frontier Corps General Tariq Khan.  To challenge the fundamentalists, however, Zardari

needs to gain the confidence of the Army, the National Assembly, and the people.  To do that, he believes he must address the economic situation and demonstrate that he can deliver on his economic promises.  Zardari chastised the IMF for just wanting to &take away8 from Pakistan in the negotiations over a bailout package.

11.  (C) In response to Boucher,s question about the National Assembly debate on Pakistan,s counter-insurgency strategy, Zardari expressed confidence that he would succeed in winning from the Assembly a consensus resolution on the government’s policy.  (N.B.: A day earlier, both National Security Advisor Durrani and Information Minister Rehman expressed skepticism that an acceptable consensus resolution was achievable.)  Nawaz Sharif’s Pakistan Muslim League is offering no help on Pakistan,s counter-terrorism policy, Zardari opined.  Rehman added that Nawaz and Chaudhry Nisar have a “good cop/bad cop” routine.  Nawaz says good things about his party’s commitment to cooperation, but Nisar does the opposite in the Assembly.

12. (C) Describing his legislative strategy going forward, Zardari said that proposed revisions to the Frontier Crimes Regulations (FCR) are nearly ready to bring to the Assembly. He anticipates that the extension of the Political Parties Act to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (permitting political parties to organize and campaign in the tribal areas under the same regulations as apply to the rest of the country) would be introduced within three months. Zardari also described a de-radicalization program he plans on introducing in the Assembly.  Zardari will propose a criminal regime for &small fries8 that would sentence them to seven years in a &special prison8 to be constructed for handling reforming militants.  While in the prison, the militants would receive job training and would receive lenient treatment, including conjugal rights.  &I won’t stop pressing,8 Zardari declared, &either he (the militant) dies or he takes the option.8  Anyone caught a second time after going through the reform program will be sent to prison for

13.  (S) Turning to the fighting in Bajaur, Zardari asserted that the government needs a mechanism to get compensation into the hands of the victims of the fighting, suggesting that he thought one billion U.S. dollars might be sufficient. Responding that we anticipate the financial requirement would be less than that, Boucher and the Ambassador assured Zardari we are looking for ways that we can help.  Zardari asked if the Friends of Democratic Pakistan might be of help, but Boucher reiterated that such assistance would likely fall outside the mandate of the group.  Zardari then suggested that the Saudis could provide the necessary funds, noting that &the problem leads back to them.8  Rehman interjected that the National Assembly members were asking how the militants were getting their funds and raised the flow of funds from the Gulf to extremists in Pakistan.  (DCM observed that efforts to stop funding terrorist groups were not helped by Pakistan,s obstruction of work in the UN 1267 Committee, mentioning specifically the hold on Katrina.  Zardari expressed surprise that Pakistan was playing such a role, and Rehman made note of the issue.)

 14.  (S) As for the Pakistan-Afghanistan mini-jirga scheduled for Islamabad in a week’s time, Zardari expressed the hope that it will re-occupy political space in the tribal areas. He expressed the hope that the jirga could re-consolidate the government,s position among the majority of the tribes, noting that the government,s greatest challenge in rooting out the extremists is when they are able to shelter among the population in the area.  As for leadership of the Pakistani delegation to the jirga, Sherry Rehman noted that Asfandyar Wali Khan, who had been proposed as the senior Pakistani, will not be back in Pakistan in time for the meeting.  She suggested that Asfandyar is in &bad shape8 following the terrorist attack on his home near Charsadda.  Zardari

indicated separately that he is helping Asfandyar relocate his family to Dubai and would provide him with an armored vehicle when he returns to Pakistan.

 Friends: the U.S. and the UK


15.  (C) Zardari mused about the need to reach out to the new U.S. Administration after the elections and suggested that he would like to organize a &road show8 to visit the U.S. and explain Pakistan,s situation.  Boucher suggested that such an effort could emphasize U.S.-Pakistani cooperation on the border coordination centers, the Joint Military Operations Coordination Center, and the Frontier Corps train and equip program.

16.  (S/NF) As for the UK, Zardari expressed some concern that their support was getting wobbly.  He believes that their views reflect their conviction that Zardari would fail and would be replaced by Nawaz Sharif.  Boucher thought that the concerns are more a reflection of attitude than policy. If Zardari achieves results, he asserted, then the British will come around.


– – – –

17. (S/NF) Zardari was clearly buoyed by his visit to China and in good spirits as he looks ahead to the serious challenges that confront him and the country.  He ran through numerous ideas for new initiatives to deal with the political, economic, and security problems, nearly all of which come with high price tags.  In that regard, Zardari continues to express considerable optimism that, ultimately, his friends will ride to his rescue despite little evidence to support that view.




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