Jabhat al Nusra: Al Qaeda’s official Syrian affiliate, Jabhat al Nusra, is one of the most powerful Salafi Wahhabi groups in Syria.
Jaish al-Fateh: A coalition of seven rebel groups, dominated by Jabhat al-Nusra (Al Qaeda) and Ahrar al Sham. The two enjoy an uneasy relationship.
Ahrar al Sham: A coalition of multiple Salafi Wahhabi units sponsored by Saudi Arabia
Jaysh al-Islam: Formerly known as Liwa al-Islam or the Brigade of Islam, is a coalition of multiple Islamist and Salafist militants, backed by Saudi Arabia.
Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS): The brutal Salafi Wahhabi extremist group which has established what it describes as an ‘Islamic Caliphate’ across swathes of Iraq and Syria.
Tajammu al-Izzah: A rebel group apparently targeted by Russian airstrikes in northern Hama at the end of September 2015. Aligned with the so called Free Syrian Army and thought to be part of a CIA-backed training programme.
Free Syrian Army: This largely non-existent group of the so called moderate fighters who initially dominated Syria’s uprising. It is often marginalised by more radical groups, and is known for selling arms to Al-Qaeda and ISIS.