On April 26 Russia’s main national TV station, Rossiya 1, featured President Vladimir Putin in a documentary to the Russian people on the events of the recent period including the annexation of Crimea, the US coup d’etat in Ukraine, and the general state of relations with the United States and the EU. His words were frank. And in the middle of his remarks the Russian former KGB chief dropped a political bombshell that was known by Russian intelligence two decades ago.
Putin stated bluntly that in his view
the West would only be content in having a Russia weak, suffering and
begging from the West, something clearly the Russian character is not
disposed to. Then a short way into his remarks, the Russian President
stated for the first time publicly something that Russian intelligence
has known for almost two decades but kept silent until now, most
probably in hopes of an era of better normalized Russia-US relations.
Putin stated that the terror in Chechnya
and in the Russian Caucasus in the early 1990’s was actively backed by
the CIA and western Intelligence services to deliberately weaken Russia.
He noted that the Russian FSB foreign intelligence had documentation of
the US covert role without giving details.
What Putin, an intelligence professional
of the highest order, only hinted at in his remarks, I have documented
in detail from non-Russian sources. The report has enormous implications
to reveal to the world the long-standing hidden agenda of influential
circles in Washington to destroy Russia as a functioning sovereign
state, an agenda which includes the neo-nazi coup d’etat in Ukraine and
severe financial sanction warfare against Moscow. The following is drawn
on my book, “The Lost Hegemon” to be published soon…
CIA’s Chechen Wars
Not long after the CIA and Saudi
Intelligence-financed Mujahideen had devastated Afghanistan at the end
of the 1980’s, forcing the exit of the Soviet Army in 1989, and the
dissolution of the Soviet Union itself some months later, the CIA began
to look at possible places in the collapsing Soviet Union where their
trained “Afghan Arabs” could be redeployed to further destabilize
Russian influence over the post-Soviet Eurasian space.
They were called Afghan Arabs because
they had been recruited from ultraconservative Wahhabite Sunni Muslims
from Saudi Arabia, the Arab Emirates, Kuwait, and elsewhere in the Arab
world where the ultra-strict Wahhabite Islam was practiced. They were
brought to Afghanistan in the early 1980’s by a Saudi CIA recruit who
had been sent to Afghanistan named Osama bin Laden.
With the former Soviet Union in total
chaos and disarray, George H.W. Bush’s Administration decided to “kick
‘em when they’re down,” a sad error. Washington redeployed their Afghan
veteran terrorists to bring chaos and destabilize all of Central Asia,
even into the Russian Federation itself, then in a deep and traumatic
crisis during the economic collapse of the Yeltsin era.
In the early 1990s, Dick Cheney’s
company, Halliburton, had surveyed the offshore oil potentials of
Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and the entire Caspian Sea Basin. They estimated
the region to be “another Saudi Arabia” worth several trillion dollars
on today’s market. The US and UK were determined to keep that oil
bonanza from Russian control by all means. The first target of
Washington was to stage a coup in Azerbaijan against elected president
Abulfaz Elchibey to install a President more friendly to a US-controlled
Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan (BTC) oil pipeline, “the world’s most political
pipeline,” bringing Baku oil from Azerbaijan through Georgia to Turkey
and the Mediterranean.
At that time, the only existing oil
pipeline from Baku was a Soviet era Russian pipeline that ran through
the Chechen capital, Grozny, taking Baku oil north via Russia’s Dagestan
province, and across Chechenya to the Black Sea Russian port of
Novorossiysk. The pipeline was the only competition and major obstacle
to the very costly alternative route of Washington and the British and US oil majors.
President Bush Sr. gave his old friends
at CIA the mandate to destroy that Russian Chechen pipeline and create
such chaos in the Caucasus that no Western or Russian company would
consider using the Grozny Russian oil pipeline.
Graham E. Fuller, an old colleague of
Bush and former Deputy Director of the CIA National Council on
Intelligence had been a key architect of the CIA Mujahideen strategy.
Fuller described the CIA strategy in the Caucasus in the early 1990s:
“The policy of guiding the evolution of Islam and of helping them
against our adversaries worked marvelously well in Afghanistan against
the Red Army. The same doctrines can still be used to destabilize what
remains of Russian power.”6
The CIA used a dirty tricks veteran,
General Richard Secord, for the operation. Secord created a CIA front
company, MEGA Oil. Secord had been convicted in the 1980s for his
central role in the CIA’s Iran-Contra illegal arms and drugs operations.
In 1991 Secord, former Deputy Assistant
Secretary of Defense, landed in Baku and set up the CIA front company,
MEGA Oil. He was a veteran of the CIA covert opium operations in Laos
during the Vietnam War. In Azerbaijan, he setup an airline to secretly
fly hundreds of bin Laden’s al-Qaeda Mujahideen from Afghanistan into
Azerbaijan. By 1993, MEGA Oil had recruited and armed 2,000 Mujahideen,
converting Baku into a base for Caucasus-wide Mujahideen terrorist operations.
General Secord’s covert Mujahideen
operation in the Caucasus initiated the military coup that toppled
elected president Abulfaz Elchibey that year and installed Heydar
Aliyev, a more pliable US puppet. A secret Turkish intelligence report
leaked to the Sunday Times of London confirmed that “two petrol giants,
BP and Amoco, British and American respectively, which together form the
AIOC (Azerbaijan International Oil Consortium), are behind the coup
Saudi Intelligence head, Turki
al-Faisal, arranged that his agent, Osama bin Laden, whom he had sent to
Afghanistan at the start of the Afghan war in the early 1980s, would
use his Afghan organization Maktab al-Khidamat (MAK) to recruit “Afghan
Arabs” for what was rapidly becoming a global Jihad. Bin Laden’s
mercenaries were used as shock troops by the Pentagon and CIA to
coordinate and support Muslim offensives not only Azerbaijan but also in
Chechnya and, later, Bosnia.
Bin Laden brought in another Saudi, Ibn
al-Khattab, to become Commander, or Emir of Jihadist Mujahideen in
Chechnya (sic!) together with Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev. No matter
that Ibn al-Khattab was a Saudi Arab who spoke barely a word of Chechen,
let alone, Russian. He knew what Russian soldiers looked like and how
to kill them.
Chechnya then was traditionally a
predominantly Sufi society, a mild apolitical branch of Islam. Yet the
increasing infiltration of the well-financed and well-trained
US-sponsored Mujahideen terrorists preaching Jihad or Holy War against
Russians transformed the initially reformist Chechen resistance
movement. They spread al-Qaeda’s hardline Islamist ideology across the
Caucasus. Under Secord’s guidance, Mujahideen terrorist operations had
also quickly extended into neighboring Dagestan and Chechnya, turning
Baku into a shipping point for Afghan heroin to the Chechen mafia.
From the mid-1990s, bin Laden paid
Chechen guerrilla leaders Shamil Basayev and Omar ibn al-Khattab the
handsome sum of several million dollars per month, a King’s fortune in
economically desolate Chechnya in the 1990s, enabling them to sideline
the moderate Chechen majority.21 US intelligence remained deeply
involved in the Chechen conflict until the end of the 1990s. According
to Yossef Bodansky, then Director of the US Congressional Task Force on
Terrorism and Unconventional Warfare, Washington was actively involved
in “yet another anti-Russian jihad, seeking to support and empower the
most virulent anti-Western Islamist forces.”
Bodansky revealed the entire CIA
Caucasus strategy in detail in his report, stating that US Government
officials participated in,
“a formal meeting in Azerbaijan in
December 1999 in which specific programs for the training and equipping
of Mujahideen from the Caucasus, Central/South Asia and the Arab world
were discussed and agreed upon, culminating in Washington’s tacit
encouragement of both Muslim allies (mainly Turkey, Jordan and Saudi
Arabia) and US ‘private security companies’. . . to assist the Chechens
and their Islamist allies to surge in the spring of 2000 and sustain the
ensuing Jihad for a long time…Islamist Jihad in the Caucasus as a way
to deprive Russia of a viable pipeline route through spiraling violence
The most intense phase of the Chechen
wars wound down in 2000 only after heavy Russian military action
defeated the Islamists. It was a pyrrhic victory, costing a massive toll
in human life and destruction of entire cities. The exact death toll
from the CIA-instigated Chechen conflict is unknown. Unofficial
estimates ranged from 25,000 to 50,000 dead or missing, mostly
civilians. Russian casualties were near 11,000 according to the
Committee of Soldiers’ Mothers.
The Anglo-American oil majors and the
CIA’s operatives were happy. They had what they wanted: their
Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan oil pipeline, bypassing Russia’s Grozny pipeline.
The Chechen Jihadists, under the Islamic
command of Shamil Basayev, continued guerrilla attacks in and outside
Chechnya. The CIA had refocused into the Caucasus.
Basayev’s Saudi Connection
Basayev was a key part of the CIA’s Global Jihad. In 1992, he met Saudi terrorist Ibn al-Khattag in Azerbaijan. From
Azerbaijan, Ibn al-Khattab brought Basayev to Afghanistan to meet
al-Khattab’s ally, fellow-Saudi Osama bin Laden. Ibn al-Khattab’s role
was to recruit Chechen Muslims willing to wage Jihad against Russian
forces in Chechnya on behalf of the covert CIA strategy of destabilizing
post-Soviet Russia and securing British-US control over Caspian energy.
Once back in Chechnya, Basayev and
al-Khattab created the International Islamic Brigade (IIB) with Saudi
Intelligence money, approved by the CIA and coordinated through the
liaison of Saudi Washington Ambassador and Bush family intimate Prince
Bandar bin Sultan. Bandar, Saudi Washington Ambassador for more than two
decades, was so intimate with the Bush family that George W. Bush
referred to the playboy Saudi Ambassador as “Bandar Bush,” a kind of
honorary family member.
Basayev and al-Khattab imported fighters
from the Saudi fanatical Wahhabite strain of Sunni Islam into Chechnya.
Ibn al-Khattab commanded what were called the “Arab Mujahideen in
Chechnya,” his own private army of Arabs, Turks, and other foreign
fighters. He was also commissioned to set up paramilitary training camps
in the Caucasus Mountains of Chechnya that trained Chechens and Muslims
from the North Caucasian Russian republics and from Central Asia.
The Saudi and CIA-financed Islamic
International Brigade was responsible not only for terror in Chechnya.
They carried out the October 2002 Moscow Dubrovka Theatre hostage
seizure and the gruesome September 2004 Beslan school massacre. In 2010,
the UN Security Council published the following report on al-Khattab
and Basayev’s International Islamic Brigade:
Islamic International Brigade (IIB)
was listed on 4 March 2003. . . as being associated with Al-Qaida, Usama
bin Laden or the Taliban for “participating in the financing, planning,
facilitating, preparing or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in
conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf or in support of”
Al-Qaida. . . The Islamic International Brigade (IIB) was founded and
led by Shamil Salmanovich Basayev (deceased) and is linked to the
Riyadus-Salikhin Reconnaissance and Sabotage Battalion of Chechen
Martyrs (RSRSBCM). . . and the Special Purpose Islamic Regiment
(SPIR). . .
On the evening of 23 October 2002,
members of IIB, RSRSBCM and SPIR operated jointly to seize over 800
hostages at Moscow’s Podshipnikov Zavod (Dubrovka) Theater.
In October 1999, emissaries of
Basayev and Al-Khattab traveled to Usama bin Laden’s home base in the
Afghan province of Kandahar, where Bin Laden agreed to provide
substantial military assistance and financial aid, including by making
arrangements to send to Chechnya several hundred fighters to fight
against Russian troops and perpetrate acts of terrorism. Later that
year, Bin Laden sent substantial amounts of money to Basayev, Movsar
Barayev (leader of SPIR) and Al-Khattab, which was to be used
exclusively for training gunmen, recruiting mercenaries and buying ammunition.
The Afghan-Caucasus Al Qaeda “terrorist
railway,” financed by Saudi intelligence, had two goals. One was a Saudi
goal to spread fanatical Wahhabite Jihad into the Central Asian region
of the former Soviet Union. The second was the CIA’s agenda of
destabilizing a then-collapsing post-Soviet Russian Federation.
On September 1, 2004, armed terrorists
from Basayev and al-Khattab’s IIB took more than 1,100 people as
hostages in a siege that included 777 children, and forced them into
School Number One (SNO) in Beslan in North Ossetia, the autonomous
republic in the North Caucasus of the Russian Federation near to the
On the third day of the hostage crisis,
as explosions were heard inside the school, FSB and other elite Russian
troops stormed the building. In the end, at least 334 hostages were
killed, including 186 children, with a significant number of people
injured and reported missing. It became clear afterward that the Russian
forces had handled the intervention poorly.
The Washington propaganda machine, from
Radio Free Europe to The New York Times and CNN, wasted no time
demonizing Putin and Russia for their bad handling of the Beslan crisis
rather than focus on the links of Basayev to Al Qaeda and Saudi
intelligence. That would have brought the world’s attention to the
intimate relations between the family of then US President George W.
Bush and the Saudi billionaire bin Laden family.
On September 1, 2001, just ten days
before the day of the World Trade Center and Pentagon attacks, Saudi
Intelligence head US-educated Prince Turki bin Faisal Al Saud, who had
directed Saudi Intelligence since 1977, including through the entire
Osama bin Laden Mujahideen operation in Afghanistan and into the
Caucasus, abruptly and inexplicably resigned, just days after having
accepted a new term as intelligence head from his King. He gave no
explanation. He was quickly reposted to London, away from Washington.
The record of the bin Laden-Bush family
intimate ties was buried, in fact entirely deleted on “national
security” (sic!) grounds in the official US Commission Report on 911.
The Saudi background of fourteen of the nineteen alleged 911 terrorists
in New York and Washington was also deleted from the US Government’s
final 911 Commission report, released only in July 2004 by the Bush
Administration, almost three years after the events.
Basayev claimed credit for having sent
the terrorists to Beslan. His demands had included the complete
independence of Chechnya from Russia, something that would have given
Washington and the Pentagon an enormous strategic dagger in the southern
underbelly of the Russian Federation.
By late 2004, in the aftermath of the
tragic Beslan drama, President Vladimir Putin reportedly ordered a
secret search and destroy mission by Russian intelligence to hunt and
kill key leaders of the Caucasus Mujahideen of Basayev. Al-Khattab had
been killed in 2002. The Russian security forces soon discovered that
most of the Chechen Afghan Arab terrorists had fled. They had gotten
safe haven in Turkey, a NATO member; in Azerbaijan, by then almost a
NATO Member; or in Germany, a NATO Member; or in Dubai–one of the
closest US Allies in the Arab States, and Qatar-another very close US
ally. In other words, the Chechen terrorists were given NATO safe haven.
F. William Engdahl is strategic risk consultant and lecturer, he holds a degree in politics from Princeton University and is a best-selling author on oil and geopolitics, exclusively for the online magazine “New Eastern Outlook”.