Mawlid (Eid Milad an Nabi) (also knonwn as Mawlid or Mevlid) is a term used to refer to the observance of the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad which occurs in Rabi’ al-awwal, the third month in the Islamic calendar.
Mawlid falls in the month of Rabi’ al-awwal in the Islamic calendar. Sunnis observe the event on the 12th of the month, while Shias observe the event on the 17th coinciding with the birth date of their sixth Imam, Ja’far al-Sadiq.
As the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, the corresponding date in the Gregorian calendar varies each year.
Sufi Muslims march in Al Azhar district to celebrate Eid Milad-un-Nabi in old Cairo, 2008.
Where Mawlid is celebrated in a carnival manner, large street processions are held and homes or mosques are decorated. Charity and food is distributed, and stories about the life of Muhammad are narrated with recitation of poetry by children.
Scholars and poets celebrate by reciting Qaṣīda al-Burda Sharif, the famous poem by 13th century Arabic Sufi Busiri.
Mawlid is celebrated in most Muslim majority countries, and in other countries where Muslims have a presence, such as India, Britain, and Canada. Saudi Arabia is the only Muslim country where Mawlid is not an official public holiday, but some elite Hijazi families have revived the mawlid there. Participation in the ritual celebration of popular Islamic holidays is seen as an expression of the Islamic revival.
Among non-Muslim countries, India is noted for its Mawlid festivities. The relics of the Muhammed are displayed after the morning prayers in the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir at Hazratbal shrine, on the outskirts of Srinagar. Shab-khawani night-long prayers held at the Hazratbal shrine are attended by thousands.
During Pakistan’s Mawlid celebration, the national flag is hoisted on all public buildings, and a 31 gun salute in the federal capital and a 21 gun salute at the provincial headquarters are fired at dawn. The cinemas shows religious rather than secular films on 11th and 12th Rabi-ul-Awwal.
Gul az rukhat aamokhta – Naat recited by Umme Habibah
Shaheryar Ali said:
After extending my greetings to Muslims friends on the festivities of Milad. i like to point out the criminal silence Pakistani intellectuals and media have maintained on ban on Milad festivities Wahabi kingdom of Saudi Arabai as well by Taliban in the areas they control.
Its an abuse of fundamental human rights that Muslims are forced to not celebrate the birthday of their prophet.
Muslims can be killed if they do celebrate Milad. [Nishter Park incident is a proof]